Myths About the Causes of Acne
There are many myths about what causes acne. Chocolate and greasy foods are often blamed, but there is little evidence that foods have much effect on the development and course of acne in most people. Another common myth is that dirty skin causes acne; however, blackheads and other acne lesions are not caused by dirt. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but research suggests that for people who have acne, stress can make it worse.
Who Gets Acne?
People of all races and ages get acne. It is most common in adolescents and young adults. An estimated 80 percent of all people between the ages of 11 and 30 have acne outbreaks at some point. For most people, acne tends to go away by the time they reach their thirties; however, some people in their forties and fifties continue to have this skin problem.
How Is Acne Treated?
Acne is often treated by dermatologists, who are doctors who specialize in skin problems. These doctors treat all kinds of acne, particularly severe cases. Doctors who are general or family practitioners, paediatricians, or internists may treat patients with milder cases of acne.
The goals of treatment are to heal existing lesions, stop new lesions from forming, prevent scarring, and minimize the psychological stress and embarrassment caused by this disease. Drug treatment is aimed at reducing several problems that play a part in causing acne:
- Abnormal clumping of cells in the follicles
- Increased oil production
Early treatment is the best way to prevent acne scars.
What is Botox?
BOTOX® is the product name for injections containing a refined form of botulinum toxin (the toxin that causes botulism, a type of food poisoning). When injected into a muscle, the toxin blocks the nerve impulses that would normally cause that muscle to contract. The resulting absence or reduction of muscle contraction leaves the skin smoother and lends a more relaxed appearance to the patient’s facial features.
Where can Botox be used?
The signs of aging that respond best to botox injections are those lines and wrinkles caused by the repeated contractions of muscles used during facial expressions, especially those activated when we are frowning or squinting. Therefore, botox is used most commonly for reduction of the appearance of frown lines between the brows, forehead furrows, and lines at the outer edge of the eye, commonly referred to as “crow’s feet”. Botox can also be used for lines and wrinkles of the lower face, and even to decrease nostril flaring.
Who is a Good Candidate?
Who is not a Good Candidate?
Patients who are showing early signs of aging
- Patients whose frown lines give them a tired, sad, or angry appearance
- Those who may not be suitable candidates for more invasive facial cosmetic procedures
It is very important to disclose to your surgeon any and all medications or supplements you may be taking, since the use of certain medications (antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, or aspirin) and even some vitamins and herbal supplements may increase bleeding and bruising at the injection sites. Pregnant or nursing women should not get botox injections. Also, any person with an infection present at or near the injection site should postpone treatment until the infection is resolved. Furthermore, there is a greatly increased risk of serious side effects in patients with any pre-existing neuromuscular disorder.
What are the Risks and Complications?
Most complications are temporary and risks can be minimized with proper injection techniques. The most common side effects of botox injections include:
- Temporary dropping of the eyelid
- Localized pain, tenderness, or numbness
- Inflammation / Swelling
- Redness, bleeding, and/or/bruising at the injection sites
- Reduced blinking, which can lead to increased likelyhood of corneal abrasion
It is very important to inform your surgeon of any pre-existing medical condition.
What is the Recovery and Downtime?
Most patients can immediately resume normal activities, although there may be some unsightly swelling, bleeding, bruising or redness at the injection site, which usually lasts only a few hours, but can persist as long as 24-48 hours in highly sensitive patients. The Upside / Fringe Benefits:
- If the patient is dissatisfied, effects reverse themselves within several months.
- Because of its muscle-relaxing effect, many surgeons claim to have had success using botox in the treatment of migraine headaches, excessive sweating, and muscle spasms.
- Effects can be cumulative over time with repeated treatments, or even preventative if injections are begun before expression lines begin to appear.
What is Cellulite?
Cellulite is a condition in which the skin appears to have areas with underlying fat deposits, giving it a dimpled, lumpy appearance. It is most noticeable on the buttocks and thighs, and usually occurs after puberty.
What causes cellulite?
The causes of cellulite are not well understood, but there are several theories that have been put forth as explanations. Among these are:
How can cellulite be removed?
- Hormonal factors - hormones likely play an important role in cellulite development. Many believe estrogen, insulin, noradrenaline, thyroid hormones, and prolactin are part of the cellulite production process.
- Genetics - certain genes are required for cellulite development. Genes may predispose an individual to particular characteristics associated with cellulite, such as gender, race, slow metabolism, distribution of fat just underneath the skin, and circulatory insufficiency.
- Diet - people who eat too much fat, carbohydrates, or salt and too little fiber are likely to have greater amounts of cellulite.
- Lifestyle factors - cellulite may be more prevalent in smokers, those who do not exercise, and those who sit or stand in one position for long periods of time.
- Clothing - underwear with tight elastic across the buttocks (limiting blood flow) may contribute to the formation of cellulite.
Mesotherapy gets results by targeting the underlying causes of cellulite - not just the outward symptoms.
Cellulite usually appears between the ages of 25 and 35, and progressively worsens with time. Although it's easily treated with a few Mesotherapy sessions in its early stages, once cellulite progresses to more advanced stages, treatment usually requires a greater number of Mesotherapy sessions.
- Stage 0: No visible cellulite, even when the skin is pinched.
- Stage 1: No visible cellulite when standing or lying down. However an "orange peel" texture can be seen when the skin is pinched.
- Stage 2: Visible cellulite when standing but not when lying down.
- Stage 3: Visible cellulite when standing and lying down.
Mesotherapy can eliminate cellulite Each session takes about 45 minutes, and involves the injection of formulas in specific patterns (different types of cellulite require different injection techniques).
Mesotherapy is completely safe when performed by a well-trained physician the legs and buttocks, breaking down the orange-peel appearance of skin, and producing a smooth contour.
Mesotherapy treats three factors involved in cellulite formation. Your doctor creates a specific formula to reduce the fat in your cellulite, improve impaired circulation and break down damaged connective tissue - thereby smoothing the skin's surface. Mesotherapy can treat cellulite located anywhere on the body.
What are chemical / skin peels?
Chemical peels produce controlled injury to the skin, which promote growth of new skin and improved appearance. A variety of chemicals can be used as peeling agents and include glycolic, trichloroacetic (TCA), salicylic and resorcinol. The different chemical solutions produce different degrees of injury to the skin.
What are chemical peels used for?
Chemical peels are used for the treatment of photo-aging (from sun damage), wrinkles, scarring, acne, precancerous lesions, and discoloration (including melasma, freckles, and age spots).
How are chemical peels performed?
There are numerous chemical peels and each one is performed differently. In general, chemical peels usually begin with vigorous cleansing of the skin, followed by application of the appropriate peel.
What is the most popular peel solution?
Glycolic Acid - probably due to the fact that all skin types benefit from Glycolic Acid - is the most commonly recognized chemical peel solution. Salicylic Acid is also very common for use in acne treatments.
How long do chemical peels take?
Most peels can be performed within a few minutes, depending on size of the area being treated.
How long do the results last?
With good sun protection, results can last months, even years. This is dependent upon the depth of the peel. The deeper peels generally provide a long-lasting effect.
What are the risks of chemical peels?
Superficial peels are quite safe, although minor irritation of the skin can occur. The risk of deep peels can include infection, scarring, redness, and discoloration. During a very deep peel (administered under the care of a physician only), anesthesia should be used and vital signs monitored.
What are dermal fillers?
Dermal fillers are an injectable substance made from natural and synthetic material and have been developed for injection into the skin to restore its youthful appearance. Over 30 million people across the world have been successfully treated. The main type of dermal fillers in the market, are a soft gel consisting of stabilized, non-animal hyaluronic acid. The gel is tissue-friendly and closely resembles the hyaluronic acid that exists naturally in the body. It is long-lasting but not permanent.
How long is an appointment?
The injection process takes a mere 15-30 minutes, you’ll also need to allow time to discuss what you are hoping to achieve with our practitioner before treatment.
What areas can be treated with dermal fillers?
Dermal fillers can be used to smooth away facial lines and wrinkles, create fuller lips, shape facial contours and revitalise the skin. The most common areas treated are:
- The nose to mouth lines (Nasolabial fold).
- Lines around the mouth (Perioral lines and Oral Commissures).
- Natural lip enhancement and definition of the border.
- Natural cheek augmentation.
- Also can be used for replacing soft tissue volume loss and scar corrections.
Our practitioner will be able to advise you on suitable anaesthesia for your treatment.
Will I notice the difference right away?
Yes, the aesthetic results are immediate. You'll see the results as soon as your appointment is over—and no one else needs to know!
Will I need to take time off work?
Absolutely not! You can have an appointment in your lunch hour then get right back to your normal routine.
Are there any risks or side effects with dermal filler treatments?
Millions of treatments have been performed with dermal fillers in the past. Product related reactions are rare. There are some injection related reactions which may occur after any injection; they typically resolve spontaneously a few days after injection to the skin, within a week after injection into the lips. These reactions include redness, swelling, pain, itching, bruising or tenderness at the injection site. All skin injection procedures carry a small risk of infection. After lip enhancement, lips may swell for up to a week, but this typically reduces after two to three days. In case of more pronounced reactions or if they last longer than a week contact our practitioner. You should discuss side effects and post treatment reactions with our practitioner during consultation.
How long will the effects of dermal fillers treatment last?
One of the great advantages of dermal fillers is that the effects are long lasting but not permanent. The lengh of the treatment depends on a number of factors including
- The area you have had treated
- Quantity of dermal filler injected
- Quality of skin
However, the range of dermal fillers in the market, are proven to last up to one year in nose to mouth lines and six months in the lips. After the initial treatment, follow-up sessions are normal.
What is IPL?
Intense Pulsed Light is a technology where light is converted into heat energy.
The selected light waves target (colour pigments) such as melanin in brown spots and freckles; and such as haemoglobin in broken or diffused blood vessels. The light waves can also target specific protein molecules in acne bacteria and in collagen. IPL treats all conditions without disruption to the skin’s surface.
What is the difference between IPL and Laser?
Lasers have been used in surgery for years. The IPL is an adaptation of the laser, more suited to the beauty industry. The laser beam is very narrow, only covering a small spot at a time, while IPL coverage is several times the area.
Permanent Hair Reduction: How does it work?
Intense Pulsed Light targets the colour pigment (melanin) in the hairs. Therefore white hairs can not be treated. Dark hairs on fair skin have the best and quickest results. Hair growth becomes sparser with each session. All treated hairs should shed within about two weeks.
How often will I need treatments?
A course of 5 to 10 treatments is usually required to treat hairs at all stages of the hair growth cycle, at 3 to 6 week intervals; which varies depending on hair type and colour, and the location being treated. Fair hairs will require extra treatments. White hairs can not be treated.
A maintenance session may be necessary from time to time, due to the development of new hair growth appearing, as our hormonal balance continues to change with age, or due to the influence of stress, illness, disease and drugs i.e; steroids or contraceptive pills.
What happens at my appointment?
If your appointment is for hair removal; in areas of course hair growth the treatment area is obvious, but sometimes it is not so obvious, so it is therefore appropriate to allow the hairs to grow just a little, so that the operator may clearly see the area needing treatment. This area will then need to be shaved before your IPL treatment begins, because it is imperative that the light is targeted down the hair shaft to the bulb. We don’t want to treat (and heat) hairs on the skin’s surface. Where the treatment area is obvious, you may shave the hair yourself before you arrive for your appointment.
Is it painful?
Some treatments have little or no sensation at all, but for other treatments, clients may feel a slight sting, similar to the flick of a rubber band against your skin. It is certainly not unbearable, and we can always reduce the intensity if you feel the need. Immediately after some treatments you may feel a mild heat for a few minutes, or a couple of hours, but after most treatments you will feel next to nothing at all.
How will I look after the treatment?
In most cases there is no visible reaction and you would be expected to be able to return to work and resume your normal activities immediately after your appointment. However, IPL causes heat in the target tissues; therefore it is quite acceptable for the area to be slightly reddened immediately after treatment, but this would normally dissipate within half an hour. After hair removal treatments is also common to see a slight swelling at the mouth of each hair follicle, similar to goose bumps. This appearance should disappear within the same frame time as with reddening.
Important Before Care.
Sun exposure and tanning
You can NOT be treated if you have had ultra violet (UV) exposure from the sun or sun beds within the past 4 to 6 weeks. Therefore prior to your treatments you must cover well with clothing and hats and sun block to prevent extra activity of the melanin cells in your skin. Melanin cells are responsible for tanning. Your tan slowly ‘wears off’ as those cells reach the surface of your skin in the normal skin- shedding activity, known as skin renewal.
Fake tans stain the outer skin cells, and this colour will intensify the IPL heat at the surface of the skin, therefore we cannot treat with IPL for at least two weeks after a fake tan application.
Important After Care
For 24 hours after each IPL treatment:
Can Dark Skins Be Treated?
- No sun exposure or UV exposure of sun beds
- Wear sun block with both UVA and UVB protection
- No very hot baths or showers – tepid water only
- No heat treatments e.g. sauna
- No swimming in chlorinated pools or spa baths
- No deodorant – if underarms treated
- No perfumes, highly perfumed soaps or lotions, etc.
Light produced by laser and by IPL is absorbed by the colour pigment, melanin, which is present in our hair and skin. Caution is required when treating people with dark skins, Asian skins and some other skins which tan very easily. Hyperpigmentation or blanching of the skin is likely to occur if there is too much melanin present in the skin. It is possible to treat medium to medium/dark skins on a low intensity. Skins such as type 5 and some darker Indian skins are not treatable – for both skin rejuvenation and for hair removal.
Most hair loss is not associated with systemic or internal disease, nor is poor diet a frequent factor. Hair may simply thin as a result of predetermined genetic factors, family history, and the overall aging process. Many men and women may notice a mild and often normal physiologic thinning of hair starting in their thirties and forties. Other times, normal life variations including temporary severe stress, illness, nutritional changes, and hormonal changes like those in pregnancy, puberty, and menopause may cause a reversible hair loss.
Mesotherapy or Dermaroler for Hair Loss
Dermaroller needles penetrate the stratum corneum, the hard outer surface of the epidermal layer of the scalp.It is claimed that hundreds of tiny channels are created through the stratum corneum, which facilitate the passage and absorption of medicine into the dermis to maximize it’s absorption by the hair follicles. The Derma Roller also stimulates blood flow to the hair follicles via direct scalp massage. The dermal damage induces the release of growth factors that stimulate the production of new collagen and elastin and stimulates the miniaturized hairs to grow stronger.
What is a lipoma?
A lipoma is a growth of fatty tissue (adipose tissue) that usually forms just beneath the surface of the skin. Lipomas have a soft and rubbery texture and appear as round lumps in the skin, although in certain cases they can form internally. Although lipomas are considered tumors, they are benign (noncancerous) growths.
What causes lipomas?
: It is not completely understood what causes lipomas, but it is clear that there is a hereditary nature to these growths. People with relatives who have suffered from lipomas are more likely to develop the condition.
What is a fatty tumor?
A fatty tumor is a benign, soft tissue tumor composed of adipose (fat) tissue. Lipomas are the most common form of soft tissue (fatty) tumors.
How are lipomas diagnosed?
Typically, a doctor can diagnose a lipoma based on appearance alone. However, in some cases a tissue sample removal (biopsy) or ultrasound may be needed to diagnose the growth and rule out other conditions.
Can lipomas be cancerous?
Lipomas are, by definition, benign tumors. However, some tumors containing cancerous or precancerous cells can look very similar to a lipoma, so it is important to see a doctor right away if you develop a lump in your skin. Even though it’s rare for lipomas to become dangerous, a patient should ideally have them removed as soon as possible.
Do lipomas hurt?
Most lipomas do not hurt. However, in some cases a lipoma may grow larger and start to become painful or restrict movement. If you have a lipoma that is causing you pain, it is important to seek medical treatment right away.
How are lipomas treated?
: Lipomas do not usually require treatment unless they are causing pain, restricting movement, or the patient is unhappy with the appearance of the growth. If your lipoma does need to be treated, the doctor may use steroid injections or liposuction to shrink or remove the lipoma. However, the most common technique used to treat lipomas is surgical removal (excision) of the lipoma.
Will there be a scar after lipoma removal surgery?
There may be minor scarring following your surgery, but our lipoma surgeons specialize in the most minimally invasive procedures that produce the least amount of scarring possible. Additionally, after the sutures have fully healed, your scar will gradually become fainter or even completely invisible. The easiest way to prevent scarring is by scheduling lipoma removal before the lipoma can grow. A smaller lipoma will result in a smaller removal scar.
How long is lipoma surgery recovery?
Lipoma removal surgery can be done on an outpatient basis, which means the patient can go home the same day as the procedure. Most of our patients at the Lipoma Removal Center of Excellence can return to normal daily activities the following day, and make full recoveries (including regaining full movement and ability in the area operated on) within a few weeks.
When can I go back to work after lipoma removal?
Recovery from lipoma surgery is very fast, and most of our patients can return to work the day after their procedure. Additionally, many of these procedures can be done under local anesthesia (instead of general anesthesia), so some patients may even be able to return to work the same day as their surgeries (depending on the nature of work).
What is Mesotherapy?
MESOTHERAPY, is a technique that aims to reduce fat and cellulite in the skin. Further to this, it provides increased support, elasticity and collagen stimulation. It is a non-surgical cosmetic treatment that gives solution to body problems, good effects on face or neck rejuvenation and body contouring.
How this is done?
It can be done by
What is Dermarolling? How is it performed?
- Hyaluronic Acid
- With your own blood (Also called as Vampire Lift)
The treatment uses about 0.25mm – 2.5mm needles small enough that it is called micro-needle and penetrates the skin’s stratum conium, the hard outer surface of the epidermal layer of the skin, body or scalp. Hundreds of tiny channels are created through the stratum corneum, which facilitate the passage and absorption of your skin care product. The roller stimulates blood flow to the surface, gives a skin massage, cleans out the pores and stimulates collagen re-growth. Since the needles are micro in size, infections and other skin complications are unlikely to happen because it heals easily and unnoticeably.
Stretch Marks and Dermarolling
The dermarollers work on the thinned dermal layer which is what the stretch marks are, the precisely spaced pricks of the needles causes minute trauma to the top few layers of skin, this tricks the skin into producing collagen, and with the penetration of Vitamin C Serum, the damaged cells will be eliminated and can, over time, be replaced by silky smooth brand new skin cells.
Dermarollers stimulate this natural process of skin rejuvenation and skin healing. The dermal layers are caused to increase in thickness as well causing stretch marks to fade away, and eventually disappear altogether.
Everybody will see remarkable results in stretch mark appearance with the appropriate application of dermaroller treatments. However, results will vary from individual to individual, depending on many factors. The time it takes, and the efficacy of dermarollers to eliminate stretch marks will depend upon the frequency of treatments, and most importantly your choice of serum or cellulite product. You should see a noticeable result within a week of the first treatment.
Stretch marks will continue to dissipate for up to a year's time with dermaroller treatments. They will become barely noticeable after a few months, and for many users the stretch marks will disappear completely with the appropriate application of dermaroller treatmens and Vitamin C Serum.
Wrinkles and Dermarolling
Dermaroller treatments in conjunction with the application of Hyaluronic Acid is an extremely powerful weapon against causes of wrinkles. Hyaluronic Acid stimulates new skin cell production. It eliminates damaged skin cells, and replaces them with newly regenerated skin cells.
Botox treats the symptoms of wrinkles, and offers a temporary solution whereas dermarollers with Vitamin C Serum fights wrinkles at the source, offering an effective long term solution.
All of us will develop wrinkles as we age. Dermarollers are astonishingly effective at treating this most common type of wrinkle - the "age wrinkle".
Scars and Dermarolling
Scarring is our skins natural way of repairing itself. Think of a scar as a patch, made up of scar tissue, and not new normal new skin cells. The dermaroller in conjuction with Hyaluronic Acid, will disrupt the normal skin cycle and cause scar tissue to be removed. It tricks old skin cells into dividing and creating new skin cells and thus eliminating scars.
The vast majority of different types of scar tissue can be effectively treated with a Dermaroller. There are rare and irregular scars caused from the overproduction of collagen known as "hypertrophic" and "keloid" scars. These scars should not be treated with dermarollers because they already have too much collagen, and dermaroller treatment can stimulate and increase the amount of collagen.
Who can not use Dermarolling?
- Those with active infections
- Chronic skin disorders
- Blood clotting problems
- Poor healing
- Skin malignancies
- Active acne
- Severe solar keratosis
- Raised moles or warts
What is VASER Lipo Suction?
VASER liposuction is an ultrasonic liposuction technology which means it uses ultrasonic energy (high-energy sound waves) to emulsify fat. Emulsification turns fat from a solid form into liquid; the liquefied fat is then aspirated using a suction cannula.
Does VASER liposuction hurt?
Because the body part is numbed from the inside, the procedure is performed with minimal discomfort. Some patients report feeling some gentle pokes and prods but the procedure is completed with very little pain or discomfort.
How many body areas can be treated in one day?
There is a limit to how much numbing agent the body can take in one treatment. For that reason, generally only one body area should be addressed at a time.
How long do I have to wait to have my next treatment?
A minimum of 4 to 6 weeks must elapse before another body area may be treated.
What is my anticipated recovery time?
Generally, assuming that the nature of the patient’s work does not require vigorous movement or heavy lifting, our patients are back to work within a day or two.
How long do I have to wait to resume my exercise routine?
Within a day or two, we recommend that patients do some light walking. This encourages the lymphatic system to remove excess tumescent fluid. After about two weeks, patients feel like resuming their exercise routine and return fully within six weeks.
Does VASER liposuction get rid of cellulite?
No. VASER liposuction targets the second layer of fat. Cellulite exists in the first layer of fat so VASER liposuction does not eliminate cellulite. Some of our patients report the reduced appearance of cellulite. Because weight in the area is reduced by the elimination of the fat, it may reduce the appearance of cellulite. However, reduction in the appearance of cellulite is not a reasonable expectation of VASER liposuction.
Will VASER liposuction help me lose weight?
Because fat is light (it weighs less than water), removing fat should not be viewed as a weight loss alternative. The goal of VASER liposuction is to help you achieve a slimmer silhouette. However, many patients report that maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine is easier and comes more naturally because they begin to feel so much better about themselves.
If I gain weight, will the fat return to the body area that was VASERed?
Your post-VASER shape is relatively permanent, so subsequent weight gain or loss will tend to be proportionately distributed over your entire body. Because some body fat is necessary for the sake of your health, fatty tissue that remains after VASER liposuction will still expand if you gain weight.
Is VASER liposuction covered by Mecial Aid?
No, VASER liposuction is a cosmetic procedure. Since it is not medically necessary, it is not covered by Medical Aid.
How much does VASER liposuction cost?
The cost of VASER liposuction varies from patient to patient and changes depending on the body area to be treated.
What is Slender Wonder?
The main objective is to raise Leptin Levels in the body, you will need to inject yourself with HCG every morning in conjunction with the supplements + a balance meal plan. One of the functions of this hormone is to stimulate the body to mobilize and burn extra fat cells for energy.
How long do I need be on the program?
It all depends on how strict you are. First 2 weeks: between 5-10kg and after that 2-4kg every 2 weeks. So you can work out how long it will take to reach your goal weight.
is there anything that I must avoid during the program?
You will need to cut out sugar, fat and most carbs; you will receive a simplified diet formula and lists to follow. This works in combination with enough water, the right daily portions and moderate exercise (if possible).
What happens after the program?
When you've reached your goal weight you will do the Stabilization program for a month and after that the Maintenance program.
Will I ever be able to eat ‘normally’ again?
Yes, within certain limitations..
Do I have to buy ‘special foods’?
No, it’s normal food that you can buy at normal grocery stores.
Do I have to cook separately for me and the rest of my family?
No, not necessarily. They can all benefit from eating more healthily! - it’s really GOOD FOOD!
What if I ‘cheat’?
You will slow down the weight-loss, however, once you get back onto the plan, you will start losing again.
How does this plan differ from all the others?
The underlying cause of overweight is being treated and this leads to DEEP LASTING CHANGE.
Can i use Slender Wonder while i am breastfeeding?
Breastfeeding patients can do the programme; they must not do the detox phase and no Herbaboost should be taken as the possible effects of these herbs may have on infants have not been properly researched.
All other supplements (except Lipo-Lite Drops) are safe to use during breastfeeding. Slender Wonder’s official stance is to rather not initiate the programme during the first three months after birth – apart from possible medical reasons this is to give mother and baby time to bond and not to place unnecessary stress on the mother during this critical developmental phase.